Lead-acid batteries have been used with solar panels for a long time. However, recently, a lot of comparisons have been drawn between lead-acid batteries and Lithium-ion batteries. It is not that lead-acid batteries are less efficient, but that Lithium-ion batteries pair up better with solar panels.
Firstly, let’s brief about batteries a bit. The fundamentals of a battery are that they store energy as electrochemical energy. Upon usage, it will become electrical energy. On a general basis, batteries are either rechargeable or non-rechargeable.
Lithium-ion batteries are rechargeable batteries that can store energy. These batteries are called such because the electrolyte in them is a Lithium salt solution. Comparatively, they are able to store more solar energy. Having a longer lifespan, Lithium-ion batteries are considered the ultimate efficient choice. As with any other battery, Lithium-ion batteries have their cons. But the disadvantages are similar to those of other batteries and at the very least, Lithium-ion batteries are highly cost-efficient. Their lifespan may last as long as 10-15 years (minimum 3-4 years). Once the battery completely discharges, it will have to be replaced. The batteries are considered to be a little on the expensive side but with the demand for energy efficiency, Lithium-ion batteries provide excellent storage and life. One of the reasons their demand is high is that there is no maintenance required for them.
Lithium-ion Batteries are not just limited to solar panels. You can find a wide range of batteries on related business websites. Example – Lithium-ion batteries that store solar energy are available in an inverter form – this is a fine choice to take with you while camping. These come with different capacities so that you can cost-effectively purchase one. Power banks, car refrigerators, UPS, portable generators, Home Solar Systems, etc. – The list is endless. You can find batteries that suit your desired purposes as well as fit your budget.
There are a few things to keep in mind when you purchase Lithium-ion batteries. They are prone to combustion as well as lying dormant. So it should neither overheat nor be at a low temperature. The other precaution would be to keep them using on a regular basis as Lithium-ion batteries have a limited lifespan. They may not work if not put to use earlier.